Click the "Run" button above to see a 3D animation. FuncAnimation. Data used to create this plot: GitHub. Changes both view angles of a 3D axis. The stride arguments are only used by default if in the ‘classic’ mode. Interactive Markers: Writing a Simple Interactive Marker Server This tutorial explains how to setup a minimalist server which manages a single interactive marker. There are many packages in R (RGL, car, lattice, scatterplot3d, …) for creating 3D graphics. This course provides an opportunity to learn about them. 0 - the manual page 3 of 13 2. The "free Matlab" Octave is also an option. How to Create 2D and 3D Interactive Weather Maps in Python and R. Eight resizing handles will appear around the 3D graph. But there are other types of pyramids, too. Classes for Lines, Frames, Rulers, Spheres, Points, Dots, and Text. GTL has some support for 3D graphs, including a 3D Bi-variate Histogram and a 3D Surface, but still no 3D point cloud. In this tutorial, you learned how to plot data using matplotlib in Python. While running the program, follow the prompts in the graphics window and click with the mouse as requested. You'll learn different ways to spin bar, column, pie and line charts including their 3-D variations. Interactive Python console with exception catching; good for debugging/introspection as well as advanced user interaction. VPython is the Python programming language plus a 3D graphics module called Visual. Or else the graph looks like as attached below (the x axis is as in my first 3D ball-graph). Rotate 90 degrees: repmat(a,2,3) MATLAB/Octave Python Description; plot(a) plot(a) 3d scatter plot: Save plot to a graphics file. To work with a notebook, simply download your IPYNB file as a. Is it better matplotlib interactive mode or matplotlib animation in terms of performance? I have a continous flow of data coming from the serial port. The text in the title is LaTeX, written as: See the interactive plot 3D Line Plots. The axis of rotation passes through the base point and is parallel to the Z axis of the current UCS. Here, you are shown how to chart two sets of data and how to specifically mark them and color them differently. (and z) coordinates for plotting, namely xy. That way, the next time I do a search for "3d plot in plotly" I will find this post and the comments will be useful to me (in the future). This controls if the figure is redrawn every draw() command. The following are code examples for showing how to use matplotlib. It is an interactive online visualization tool that is being used for data analytics, scientific graphs and other visualization. Shell: Python: Interactive command line shell using an embedded XTerm or a Python based shell. To get a look at most of the features available in plot interactions, see the advanced demo app. In one of my previous tutorials, I have shown how to make a simulation of a wireframe cube using Python and Pygame. Structure descriptions were written by Levi Gadye and Alexis Wnuk and Jane Roskams. Any feedback is highly welcome. PLT is an interactive plotting and fitting subroutine layered on PGPLOT, and QDP provides a command interface to this routine. See wire3d_animation_demo for another simple example of animating a 3D plot. py to run it. With ROTATE, you can rotate objects around a specified base point. Using Ch plotting features, interactive plotting can be generated dynamically on-line. The 3D rotation is implemented in the mouse move event. Plotly's Python graphing library makes interactive, publication-quality graphs. These options are great for static data but oftentimes there is a need to create interactive visualizations to more easily explore data. We will be covering a wide range of technologies: MongoDB for storing and querying the data, Python for building a web server that interacts with MongoDB and serving html pages, Javascript libraries d3. This post describes how to rotate a chart in Excel 2016-2010. Once a FITS file has been read, the header its accessible as a Python dictionary of the data contents, and the image data are in a NumPy array. Plotly's Python graphing library makes interactive, publication-quality graphs. 3D Bravais Lattices Bravais lattice is a lattice with translation symmetry which consists of equivalent nodes. Plot Class¶ class sympy. It builds on top of many existing open-source packages: NumPy, SciPy, matplotlib, Sympy, Maxima, GAP, FLINT, R and many more. Trying zooming / rotating →. Covers the tools used in practical Data Mining for finding and describing structural patterns in data using Python. Created in Python using Seaborn. Matplotlib is a multiplatform data visualization library built on NumPy arrays, and designed to work with the broader SciPy stack. This is a list of software to create any kind of information graphics:. To set this up, before any plotting or import of matplotlib is performed you must execute the %matplotlib magic command. 04 does not display 3d plots Spyder is not displaying Matplotlib 3d plots May 6, 2015 ccordoba12 changed the title Spyder is not displaying Matplotlib 3d plots Spyder is not displaying Matplotlib 3d plots in its Python consoles May 6, 2015. rotate3d off turns off rotate mode and disables interactive axes rotation in the current figure. Three-Dimensional Plotting in Matplotlib. Updated June 5, 2019. And what I want to do is to plot a heat map, in which at location (x, y) the value v is plotted with corresponding color. It tells Python what to plot and how to plot it, and also allows customization of the plot being generated such as color, type, etc. 3D scatter plot in Excel v 2. Coordinates. Course details. You can plot interactively; You can plot programmatically (ie use a script) You can embed in a GUI; iPython. 3D Scatter Plot with Python and Matplotlib Besides 3D wires, and planes, one of the most popular 3-dimensional graph types is 3D scatter plots. Create triangle ABC: Select the polygon tool. Object/Model Space (3D) We design our model (e. 0 provides many powerful features for DOS, Windows and DJGPP users that make it an attractive platform for migration of old MS-DOS batch files, Perl, Tcl and Shell scripts. The mlab plotting functions take numpy arrays as input, describing the x, y, and z coordinates of the data. How can I annotate labels near the points/marker? Here is my code: from mpl_toolkits. If you like playing with objects, or like drawing, then geometry is for you! Geometry can be divided into: Plane Geometry is about flat shapes like lines, circles and triangles shapes that can be drawn on a piece of paper. One really great feature of the plotly R package is the ability to convert a ggplot figure into an interactive plot using the ggplotly function. Over 2000 D3. This project is about control flow visualization of Python programs. The good thing is that VTK is solid and if you're familiar with the concepts, it can be powerful, but it's also somewhat complex. 1—too new) numpy; matplotlib; mahotas; ipython; Under Linux, you can just install your distribution’s packages (install at least python-numpy, python-numpy-dev, python-matplotlib, ipython). It can only read tags, not write to them, but unlike more complete libraries (like Mutagen), it is BSD licensed. So, besides running on desktop OS (Linux, Mac OS and Windows), SymPy also runs in any mobile OS with Python (2. Terms of Service – Privacy – License. If you're in the first category, you can already start using Vispy. They are extracted from open source Python projects. You may define the origin point and the dimension for the cube. Return to the directory window for the Python examples. In this article we'll demonstrate that using a few examples. 7 SpaceTime 3. I've used it with both scatter and standard plots. Note that one does not use the zoom button like one would use for regular 2D plots. It is built for making profressional looking, plots quickly with minimal code. See below the video of the rotating cube. This plot was made using ggplot2's time scale. The ipywidgets-based projects provide tighter integration with Jupyter, while some other approaches give only limited interactivity in Jupyter (e. In this article, we'll get an introduction to the plotly library by walking through making basic time series visualizations. Tkinter is the defacto module for Python GUI development and comes included with the standard Python distributions. It has inspired several platform-independent open-source clones like SciDAVis. i/ A rectangular matrix where each cell represents the altitude. The glowing python is just glowing ;). The data used are from the Fisher dataset. The rstride and cstride kwargs set the stride used to sample the input data to generate the graph. It also provides a number of commands useful for scientific computing, all with a syntax compatible with that of the popular Matlab program. py is a high-level, declarative charting library that includes over 30 chart types, including scientific charts, 3D graphs, statistical charts, SVG maps, financial charts, and more. We will be covering a wide range of technologies: MongoDB for storing and querying the data, Python for building a web server that interacts with MongoDB and serving html pages, Javascript libraries d3. Graph Plotting – 1,2 and 4 quadrant graphs. The data values will be put on the vertical (y) axis. The tools in the python environment can be so much more powerful than the manual copying and pasting most people do in excel. Plot Class¶ class sympy. Recently, I was trying to remember how to make a 3D scatter plot in R when it occurred to me that the documentation on how to do this is scattered all over the place. 3D Solid State Crystal models WebGL models To see these models you need a modern graphical card and a browser with WebGL support (see get. import matplotlib. Saved Rotations Save Delete. If F < 3, a 2D plot is created instead of a 3D plot. Here's the. Learn Data Science by completing interactive coding challenges and watching videos by expert instructors. data in Business Intelligence , IPython Notebook , Python The report generated by the IPython notebook described in this post (or this Python script ) can be downloaded here. Here are some of the essential python libraries required for Correlation Matrix Data Visualization. matplotlib, Plotly, and Veusz are probably your best bets out of the 3 options considered. In this tutorial, you learned how to plot data using matplotlib in Python. I get 2 measures let's say var1 and var2. Note that the performance on the nbagg may be very poor. codeskulptor. language:python import datetime as dt import matplotlib. The following are code examples for showing how to use matplotlib. In this article we'll demonstrate that using a few examples. Python Console: Python: Interactive Python console. On some occasions, a 3d scatter plot may be a better data visualization than a 2d plot. Structure descriptions were written by Levi Gadye and Alexis Wnuk and Jane Roskams. You need 3 numerical variables as input: one is represented by the X axis, one. Animation on a 3D plot. This can help you visualize the plot from different angles. Interactive Cartesian Coordinates. The latest version only works under VisualWorks 7. But the plot functions in MATLAB cannot directly fulfil this goal. It comes with state-of-the-art tools for 3D rendering, a suite of widgets for 3D interaction, and extensive 2D plotting capability. Polar plot is drawn using a radius from origin and an angle theta. Matplotlib is probably the most used Python package for 2D-graphics. Interactive 3D plot of a sky map Mayavi is a Python package from Enthought for 3D visualization, here a simple example of creating a 3D interactive map starting from a HEALPix pixelization sky map: Here the code: The output is a beautiful 3D interactive map, Mayavi allows to pan, zoom and rotate. Python allows to realise 3D graphics thanks to the mplot3d toolkit of the matplotlib library. The 3D rotation is implemented in the mouse move event. It consists of pyplot (in the code often shortened by “plt”), which is an object oriented interface to the plotting library. Python programming | plotting Example: Twitter geo heatmap. It tries to keep the merits of the old turtle module and to be (nearly) 100% compatible with it. py for more information:. python 3d plot | python 3d plot | 3d plotting python | matplotlib python 3d plotting | interactive 3d plot python | python 3d plot line | python 3d plot legend Toggle navigation Websiteperu. Scripts, graphs, and data can be shared, collaboratively edited, and stored and run in Plotly. You can plot interactively; You can plot programmatically (ie use a script) You can embed in a GUI; iPython. A very simple animation of a rotating 3D plot. [email protected] This makes it easy to create simple visualizations, allowing programmers to focus more on the computational aspect of their programs. The default setting is, gnuplot> show view view is 60 rot_x, 30 rot_z, 1 scale, 1 scale_z Initially (before rotation), your screen is parallel to the X-Y plane and the Z-axis is perpendicular to that. Positive elevation values indicate a view from above, negative a view from below. This simple interface. The API lets you produce interactive D3. If you are interested in a list of all the functions exposed in mlab, see the MLab reference. Processing Mathematica 3D graphics in Blender. The azimuth (first argument) is the horizontal angle which is rotated around the z axis. Pickover, pp. Plotting¶ Sage can plot using matplotlib, openmath, gnuplot, or surf but only matplotlib and openmath are included with Sage in the standard distribution. floor (x) ¶ Return the floor of x, the largest integer less than or equal to x. Scientific Visualization in. Scripts, graphs, and data can be shared, collaboratively edited, and stored and run in Plotly. Plotly is a web-based service by default, but you can use the library offline in Python and upload plots to Plotly's free, public server or paid, private server. Examples of using Pandas plotting, plotnine, Seaborn, and Matplotlib. Clone via HTTPS Clone with Git or checkout with SVN using the repository’s web address. Real Time Streaming Plots with Python and Bokeh Playing with Bokeh to build a continuously updating plotting library. If you have introductory to intermediate knowledge in Python and statistics, you can use this article as a one-stop shop for building and plotting histograms in Python using libraries from its scientific stack, including NumPy, Matplotlib, Pandas, and Seaborn. The facilities include built-in functions for plotting wire-frame objects, space-curves, shaded surfaces. I have a Bachelor in ICT, a Master and PhD in Astronomy and like to code and solve problems. Positive elevation values indicate a view from above, negative a view from below. According to the matplotlib docs it seems like this should support interactive rotation and zoom from mouse inputs. See the source of matplotlib/axes3d. The rgl package is the best tool to work in 3D from R. In this lesson, when we use the term pyramid, we mean a right pyramid. You can plot interactively; You can plot programmatically (ie use a script) You can embed in a GUI; iPython. In this tutorial, you learned how to plot data using matplotlib in Python. The API lets you produce interactive D3. Note that one does not use the zoom button like one would use for regular 2D plots. Three-dimensional plotting is one of the functionalities which benefits immensely from viewing figures interactively rather than statically in the notebook; recall that to use interactive figures, you can either run a stand-alone Python script with the plt. These functions cannot be used with complex numbers; use the functions of the same name from the cmath module if you require support for complex numbers. It is written in Python and uses the amazing Visualization Toolkit (VTK) for the graphics. It provides a high-level interface for drawing attractive statistical graphics. arange(0, 10, 0. Bubble charts are like XY scatter plots, except that each point on the scatter plot has an additional data value associated with it that is represented by the size of the circle or "bubble" centered on the XY point. See more of my work at ianww. decomposition PCA and plotted it to a matplotlib 3D scatter plot. It is an extremely powerful package that works across all the major platforms. A stem plot separates the digits in data points to form two columns. 3D Graphing & Maps For Excel, R, Python, & MATLAB: Gender & Jobs, a 3D Gaussian, Alcohol, & Random Walks. After I plot them, I need to insert text to the plot, showing the regression equations, Rsquare, name for each subplot. Data used to create this plot: GitHub. PyOpenGL's author collects pointers to them on his site. The DOS operating system from Microsoft and the Bourne shell under Linux are examples of such user-computer interfaces. Reading and Writing a FITS File in Python. I will walk through how to start doing some simple graphing and plotting of data in pandas. The central class of the plotting module. Matplotlib is probably the most used Python package for 2D-graphics. read_temp(), 2) # Add x and y to lists xs. This is the model's local CS. Finally, we add the toolbar, which is the traditional matplotlib tool bar. Java Surface Plot · This is a simple 3D Surface Plot Canvas that will plot a given function. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. plot() はmatplotlibの薄いWrapperとして存在する。 pandasのplotは非常に簡単にイケてるプロットを作成する機能がある。 The plot method on Series and DataFrame is just a simple wrapper around plt. This enables the resulting plot to be even more interactive with features such as zooming, panning, tooltips, toggling the display of subsets of data by clicking on legend items, and a save as PNG option. matplotlib provides high quality 2D and 3D plotting for Python. Trying zooming / rotating →. PySCeS is available from various code repositories. See wire3d_animation_demo for another simple example of animating a 3D plot. Interactive Plotting with Manipulate. Simple interactive point plot; Creating interactive maps using Bokeh and Geopandas; Point map; Adding interactivity to the map; Line map; Polygon map with Points and Lines; Sharing interactive plots on GitHub; Interactive maps on Leaflet; Inspiration: World 3D; Exercise 5; Lesson 6. The discussion here and on PY-12096 and PY-7029 shows that there is a lot of demand for this feature. The center of the object is the origin. Below are 10 charts made in R or Python by Plotly users on weather, maps and geography. Rotating a 3D plot ¶ A very simple animation of a rotating 3D plot. From producing publication quality figures in a variety of formats and interactive environments to creating complicated visualisations, Matplotlib is. Rotating 3D Graphs Rotate toolbar. For some other examples of 3d plotting capability, run the following commands. Technically, when the lateral faces are congruent triangles, the shape is known as a right pyramid, indicating that the apex — the vertex at which the lateral faces meet — is directly above the center of the base. Here we show how to make a very simple animation of a 3D scatter plot using the mplot3d toolkit. Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Origin is a proprietary computer program for interactive scientific graphing and data analysis. This R tutorial describes how to perform an interactive 3d graphics using R software and the function scatter3d from the package car. In general the first step is to create a 3D axes, and then plot any of the 3D. standard model. I want to be able to rotate a 3D plot in powerpoint. Benefit from a deeply engaging learning experience with real-world projects and live, expert instruction. Multiple graphs (of the same or different sizes) may be placed on a single page, and multiple pages are allowed for those device formats that support them. Code for reproduction. plot(u) plt. Before getting started with your own dataset, you can check out an example. It allows you to turn analyses into interactive web apps using only Python scripts, so you don't have to know any other languages like HTML, CSS, or JavaScript. # Example Python Program to plot a polar plot of a circle # import the numpy and pyplot modules import numpy as np import matplotlib. Display and customize contour data for each axis using the contours attribute (). Many custom extensions to Slicer can be implemented in pure python, no compiler needed!. They can be both beautiful and useful. Python code: test, and deploy beautiful interactive web apps, charts and graphs. inc is used as the example to plot. It can plot various graphs and charts like. Created in Python using Seaborn. In order to return to showing all values on the plot, issue the command display all in the Jmol console. pyplot and Axes3D for mpl_toolkits. The focus is on showing how samples are assigned to different groups or categories. It is produced by OriginLab Corporation, and runs on Microsoft Windows. Examples are given using python matplotlib. Python Setup and Usage how to use Python on different platforms. I have a set of data that looks like {{x1, y1, z1}, {x2, y2, z2}, } so it describes points in 3D space. Is it better matplotlib interactive mode or matplotlib animation in terms of performance? I have a continous flow of data coming from the serial port. The discussion here and on PY-12096 and PY-7029 shows that there is a lot of demand for this feature. Pretty much the full APIs of Slicer, Qt, VTK, and SimpleITK, are available through python. PyQtGraph's 3D Graphics System¶ The 3D graphics system in pyqtgraph is composed of a view widget and several graphics items (all subclasses of GLGraphicsItem) which can be added to a view widget. In directed graphs, the connections between nodes have a direction, and are called arcs; in undirected graphs, the connections have no direction and are called edges. The rstride and cstride kwargs set the stride used to sample the input data to generate the graph. I want to be able to rotate a 3D plot in powerpoint. com or email me at [email protected] User Guide¶. com Python Language Concepts. Learn Data Science by completing interactive coding challenges and watching videos by expert instructors. Python Matplotlib Tips: Rotate azimuth angle and animate 3d plot_surface using Python and matplotlib. Borrowing aviation terminology, these rotations will be referred to as yaw, pitch, and roll: A yaw is a counterclockwise rotation of about the -axis. Isard is an interactive geometry software originally written in Smalltalk. Multi-process control allowing remote plotting, Qt signal connection across processes, and very simple in-line parallelization; Dock system allowing the user to rearrange GUI components; Similar to Qt’s dock system but a little more flexible and programmable. From there, we plot as usual some x coordinates and some y. 0 display plotting databricks matplotlib graph. Plotting in Julia. 0 provides many powerful features for DOS, Windows and DJGPP users that make it an attractive platform for migration of old MS-DOS batch files, Perl, Tcl and Shell scripts. Display and customize contour data for each axis using the contours attribute (). The 3D toolbar allows you to resize and rotate the plot freely. Scripts, graphs, and data can be shared, collaboratively edited, and stored and run in Plotly. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. Scroll down on this page to find it: mplot3d tutorial You'll get something like:. It can be seen as more expansive alternative to. I use R extensively but have not yet used gGobi. A lot of real world phenomena are continuous - elevations, soils, temperatures etc. 3D Plotting functions for numpy arrays¶ Visualization can be created in mlab by a set of functions operating on numpy arrays. Related courses. Note, the command view([90,90]) can be very useful to rotate a plot by 90 degrees, effectively reversing the locations of the x and y axes. Plotly is compatible with ggplots in R and Python. ly is differentiated by being an online tool for doing analytics and visualization. anyway to give separate color to 'stack' Learn more about give separate color to 'stack' bar plot. I found a few exchange files that rotate a plot and save it as a gif, but the problem with that is they use a loop to rotate the image. It provides a high-level interface for drawing attractive and informative statistical graphics. The PLplot core library can be used to create standard x-y plots, semi-log plots, log-log plots, contour plots, 3D surface plots, mesh plots, bar charts and pie charts. My figure is complicated, and I do not know what angles I need to rotate through without looking. To open up separate windows for interactive figures in Spyder go to Spyder menu and set:. You can vary the x -, y - and z -coordinate of the given point and rotate the axes, as well as zoom in and out. The functions are : coord_flip() to create horizontal plots; scale_x_reverse(), scale_y_reverse() to reverse the axes. Enhanced interactive python interpreters such as IPython can automate some of the plotting calls for you. In most of. Python, 5 lines. Watch it together with the written tutorial to deepen your understanding: Python Plotting With Matplotlib A picture is worth a thousand words, and with Python’s matplotlib library, it fortunately takes far less. The stock information of the apple. Even if it can produce some. Do timeout animation (Also shows rotation around a point) Image Processing. This alone may be more than enough. Like the 2D scatter plot px. Changes both view angles of a 3D axis. A 3D scatter plot is similar to an ordinary scatter plot, but for three continuous variables. Updated June 5, 2019. Source: nzhistory. Interactive maps with Bokeh. In my case, i was trying to plot similar designation based on skills, where skills was a word2vec embedding of 300 dimensions; brought it to a 3 dimension vector space, and using plotly Scatter3D, i was able to plot a 3D scatterplot for the same. For instance, you can run %matplotlib in IPython, after which you no longer need to run plt. This demo allows you to enter a mathematical expression in terms of x and y. 3D interactive plots in IJulia. Learn Data Science by completing interactive coding challenges and watching videos by expert instructors. Bubble charts are like XY scatter plots, except that each point on the scatter plot has an additional data value associated with it that is represented by the size of the circle or "bubble" centered on the XY point. 0 The library is completely written in PHP and ready to be used in any PHP scripts (both CGI/APXS/CLI versions of PHP are supported). See wire3d_animation_demo for another simple example of animating a 3D plot. Please see this page to learn how to setup your environment to use VTK in Python. electric charge. Panel for Basic 2D Line Plots. It provides a high-level interface for drawing attractive statistical graphics. Python Matplotlib Tips: Rotate azimuth angle and animate 3d plot_surface using Python and matplotlib. How can I annotate labels near the points/marker? Here is my code: from mpl_toolkits. HoverTool(). For simplicity, plt. Python is part of the winning formula for productivity, software quality, and maintainability at many companies and institutions around the world. Fifth tool is Plotly, also named as Plot. With ROTATE, you can rotate objects around a specified base point. Plotly's interactive 3D graphing changes that. See wire3d_animation_demo for another simple example of animating a 3D plot. Several graphical libraries are available for us to use, but we will be focusing on matplotlib in this guide. Angel Herráez using pVT phase diagram data from Prof. 6 Ways to Plot Your Time Series Data with Python. w3schools. Simple library to make working with STL files (and 3D objects in general) fast and easy. strftime('%H. Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. title('Circle in polar format:r=R') # Plot a circle with radius 2 using polar form rads = np. (Best installed via the Enthought Python Distribution? ) Python Imaging Library - To work with JPEGs, PNGs, etc. The ribosome is the machine in your cells that accurately and efficiently decodes the genetic information stored in your genome and synthesizes the corresponding polypeptide chain one amino acid at a time in the process of translation. Python code: test, and deploy beautiful interactive web apps, charts and graphs. Spheree supports bi-manual gesture, hands-free and moving-the-display interactions. It allows you to write custom interfaces for AlsaPlayer using the full power of the Python language. Due to this, the Z axis is not vertical when rendered from certain rotation angles or elevations. js graphs with R. A Python-based graphics language for designers, developers!! CHECK IT OUT The application gives you everything you need to start writing programs that draw to a virtual canvas. Python code: test, and deploy beautiful interactive web apps, charts and graphs. OpenJSCAD-- A completely web based 3D CAD with a scripting interface. ) Figure one shows the first pass: calculating X. Our goal here (as you stated) is to figure out where a point in space would be when projected onto the screen (the picture frame. Surface objects in Plotly are added to Scene objects, which define the axes, margin, and color layout of the 3d plot. With many bars, bar labels may start. ) can be overlayed on a filled contour or a pcolor plot. 3D graphs - plots and volumes in Matlab. 4 or greater. See wire3d_animation_demo for another simple example of animating a 3D plot. From the humble bar chart to intricate 3D network graphs, Plotly has an extensive range of publication-quality chart types. Contents Introduction 1 Plotting options 3. In Acrobat, you can view and interact with high-quality 3D content created in professional 3D CAD or 3D modeling programs and embedded in PDFs. Visualization with Matplotlib.